Although graphene has been around for a decade, it has only been gaining interest in the last few years when "two physicists at the University of Manchester were awarded the Nobel Prize for their experiments with it." The material is ultra-light yet stronger than steel, can conduct electricity and could be used to create "flexible devices, supercharged quantum computers, electronic clothing and computers that can interface with the cells in your body."
So what do you do with graphene? Physicists and researchers say that we will soon be able to make electronics that are thinner, faster and cheaper than anything based on silicon, with the option of making them clear and flexible. Long-lasting batteries that can be submerged in water are another possibility.
In 2011, researchers at Northwestern University built a battery that incorporated graphene and silicon, which the university said could lead to a cellphone that stayed charged for more than a week and recharged in just 15 minutes. In 2012, the American Chemical Society said that advancements in graphene were leading to touch-screen electronics that could make cellphones as thin as a piece of paper and foldable enough to slip into a pocket.
Dr. Vijayaraghavan is building an array of sensors out of graphene including gas sensors, biosensors and light sensors that are far smaller than what has come before.
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